Terms and Definitions
|Angel||A supernatural being who mediates between God and mortals. Sometimes they manifest as apparitions in brilliant white robes, as balls or mists of brilliant white light. Some people consider the appearance of a Spirit, such as a family member to be an Angel if the version serves to warn, comfort or protect them.|
|Apparition||Refers to a visual sighting of an entity. Reports of apparitions describe them ranging from somewhat solid to solid and not touching the ground. They may present as whole or partial person, the later is more common. Sometimes they will appear young then old, with different types of clothing. A living person does not need to be considered psychic in order to see an apparaition. Types of apparitions:
|Automatic Writing||Is a type of Channeling where the Medium allows a ghost or other being to use their hand in order to write the messages or answers to specific questions on paper.|
|Banishing||A less formal procedure to remove an enity or presence or influence from a location. See also: Cleansing, Exorcism.|
|Coporeal||Coporeal means having a physical body. Antonym: Incoporeal.|
|Channeling||A form of communication in which a person allows himself to be taken partially or fully over by an being or to receive messages from nonphysical entity while in a trance, such as Angels, nature spirits, totems, guides of higher intelligence, as well as the dead. This is a voluntary process on the part of the Channel and not to be confused with an involuntary possession. It should be noted that all Mediums are Channels but not all Channels are Mediums.|
|Clair…||Clair is French for “clear.” It is used before other words to imply “clear reception of information” from incorporeal sources or events from other periods of time. The second part of the word said is believed to be from the 17th century French for various physical senses. There is one for each of the physical senses and is a fancy way of describing the way psychic information is received. Below is a list of clairs in order of most commonly expressed:
These terms are also falling from use, except for clairvoyant and clairescentient. However it should be noted that the vast majority of the time they are misused or used by those attempting to sound more important and on occasion addition clairs have been invented. An example of misuse was the following phrase that occurred on a mass-market web site listing psychics: “I’m not psychic I’m claireverything.”
|Cleansing||The removal of old or unwanted energies surrounding and object, person or place. Usually done by smudging. See also: Banishing, Exorcism.|
|Dark Force Entity (DFE)||A generic term that includes all the dark and malicious entities that can exist or be encountered without regard to religious impact such as: devils, demons, malicious ghosts (i.e. the ghosts of murderers, cruel individuals, or individuals who were mentally troubled while alive).|
|Demon / Devil||An evil being with religious overtones bent on causing more major trouble, harm or influencing someone to do such acts.|
|Divining or Dowsing Rods||A forked branch or stick in a shape of an “Y” or a pair metal rods usually in the shape of an “L” held in the hands that is believed to locate water, ghosts, portals, vortexes or ley lines.|
|Earth Energy||The less the tangible and oft debated energies that exist in or are generated by the Earth itself, such as Ley Lines or Vortexes, but does not include Portals. It also be the stablizing energy used during grounding meditations many Psychics use before or after doing their work.|
|Earth Lights||Lights that appear at ground level or low to the ground, usually in the same geographic area.|
|Earthbound Spirits||The remains of the human life force or personality that has not properly crossed over to the other side. These are the most commonly seen ghost on earth.|
|Ectoplasm||A substance, solid or vaporous in nature, that appears milky white in color. When it is caught on film it looks like a white fog with mass.|
|Elemental||Any of a collection of folklorish beings such as sprites and fairies.|
|EMF (Electromagnetic Force)||One of the four fundamental forces recognized by scientists, the others are: gravity, strong and weak forces which govern atomic attraction and repulsion (decay). The Electromagnetic Spectrum includes everything from radio waves, to microwaves, light (infrared, visible and ultraviolet), X-Rays and Gamma Rays. The shorter the wave between crests the strong and more dangerous to living organism.
It’s effects on the human body are not in dispute, ranging from heating to sunburn to some types of cancer. At sufficient levels other effects includes headaches, nausea, anxiety and hallacuinations. The last two are a polite way of describing paranoia or the sense of being watched.
It is this last side effect that adds controversy to EMF and Ghost Hunting. It has been hypothosised that ghosts and other spiritual energies are either able to manipulate this field to interact with the physical plane or require it to exist or move around.
Skeptics use the argument of EMF generated paranoia to account for ghostly activity. However that does not account for these same feelings or other paranormal activity in areas where EMF are within norms. It as at this point the skeptic says some people are more suceptable to it’s effects then others.
The measurement for EMF usually recorded in hertz (Hz).
The device used to measure the moving magnetic field created around electrical equipment, usually in milligauss (mG). There is great debate at what point this has an effect on humans potentially becomes dangerous.
Physically energy includes light, heat and electricity. It is a measurable quanity who’s effects can reproduced for the purpose of experimentation.
Metaphysically it can refer to the Human Energy Field referred to variously as Aura, Chi/Qi, Life Force and some would argue the Soul. It is also a manifestation of emotion (good or bad). It is also used to describe the presences of the incoporeal. All of these can imprint or impose themselves upon a place or object.
|Entity||A disembodied consciousness that is used to refer a ghost, spirit, demon, angel, ect. until it has been identified or to remove religious namenclature in its description.|
|ESP (Extrasensory Perception)||Paranormal sensing of sight, sound, taste, smell and touch. This term gained noterity in the 1960s and 1970s, but has fallen from usage.|
|EVP (Electronic Voice Phenomena)||Disembodied voices and sounds imprinted on devices capable of audio recording. See ITC|
|Exorcism||Ceremonial expulsion of invading spiritual/demonic entities from a person or dwelling. Often considered to be the domain of the Catholic Church, however many religions will have their own version. Something to consider is that the process involves expelling what is consider an evil entity with little regard to where it goes. This equates to passing off your problems onto someone else or dumping your trash on your neighbors yard. See also: Banishing, Cleansing.|
|Frank’s Box||Device created by Frank Sumption that records transmissions as it randomly moves through radio frequencies. The idea being that ghosts or other entities will use the device to communicate by directing the radio frequency or rearranging the sounds to create words.|
|Fox Fire||A bioluminescent fungus found in the woods on decaying trees.|
|Ghost||An alleged spirit of the dead or a disembodied soul of a person or animal. Yes. While some people do not believe that animals have souls, that does not change the fact the people have reported seeing the ghost of animals. When we are doing an a investigation the term Ghost means a soul of a person who has not cross to the other side to differentiate it from a Spirit.|
Methods and techniques employed in investigating reports of ghosts or haunted locations to determine if the phenomena are paranormal or have natural explanations.
|Ghost Lights||Luminous phenomena in the shape of balls or patches of light. most ghost light are yellow or white in color. They will appear in different shapes and size.|
|Guide||A benevolent spirit that assists one through all or part of their life. This can be an Angel, Totem (sometimes referred to as a Power Animal) or other Spiritual Being that has never taken physical human form Rarely it can also be a deceased loved one, however they usually just pop with a quick message.|
Manifestation of a ghostly presence, attached to a specific locale. There are several types of a haunting:
In addition a haunting can be:
|Incoporeal||An entity without a physical body; insubstantial or intangible. Antonym: Corporeal|
|ITC (Instrumental Transcommunication)||The use of electrical equipment (voice recorders, TVs, radios, telephones, etc.) to receive messages believed to come from deceased personages.|
|Matererialization||when a ghost appears; can be sudden or gradual, indistinct or seemingly quite solid.|
|Ley Lines||Energy lines that criss-cross the earth.|
|Medium||A person who communicates with the dead. All Mediums are psychic but not all Psychics are Mediums.|
|Orbs||are energy anomalies recorded at a hunted location. They are not visible to the naked eye but can be seen through infrared monitors and can be recorded on film. Whey they appear they are luminosities that are round or diffuse shape. They do not have enough mass to set of motion detectors. They seems to defy gravity and change their direction, sometime very quickly.|
|Ouija Board||Is the most commonly used Talking Board and used for making contact with the the dead or other entity. Ouija is French and German for “yes” and is trademarked by Parker BroThere are several thoughts on this. Some people feel that the movement of the pointers are directed by the dead. Other people will say that the user moves the platform subconsciously without realizing it. ( the board itself is harmless. It is the intent of the person who is using it. When a person try’s to make contact with the dead .They are putting the intent or invitation to a low level entity to talk to them. This is where it can be a problem. When you do this you are inviting a ghost into your home, and who know what it can do.)|
|Paranormal||Events occurring outside normal experiences of the average person.|
|Pendulum||An object, usually a stone or crystal or personal item such as a ring, suspended on a chain and used for divinatory purposes.|
This term has changed over the past few years. The two definitions are as follow:
|Possession||The theory that a persons mind/soul can be possessed by a spirit, ghost, or demon usually against their will. The person may or may not be aware of it. Signs can include personality changes and poltergeist activity.|
|Portals||Doorways from one dimension to another dimension. It is thought that this is how a ghost/spirit can move from location to location. It might also explain why a place might be haunted for a time then all the haunting stops until another r time.|
|Psychic||A person who is able to tap in to the spirit world. There are several different types of psychic with different type of abilities, for one way of listing them see Clair… above|
The mind’s ability to affect the external world. aka mind of matter. Psycho kinesis or PK can occur either spontaneously or through an apparent projection of will.
A person’s energy or an events energy may imprint itself on the object and later be read by a Psychic who possess this particular talent.
The belief that the soul returns after death to a new body to live another life.
A sitting organized for the purpose of receiving spirit communications or paranormal manifestations via the service of a medium.
|Smudging||The term comes from Native Americans, but the process is fairly global. The process involves the specific herbs smoldering on charcoal briquettes or tied into bundles, set on fire then the flames extinguished so only the embers smolder. The resulting smoke is then passed under, around or through an object, location or person. The purpose of which can vary from clearing away old energies, removal of unwanted energies or the balancing or harmonizing of remaining energies.|
|Spirit||A disincarnate being, essence or supernatural force of nature. They are believe to exist in an realm that can be seen under certain circumstances or be persons with clairvoyance. (when we use the term spirit. We are referring to a soul that has crossed over to the other side but has return to our level for some reason only they know.|
A type of possession in which a entity becomes attached to a living person or to an object.
|Spirit Photography||Photographs alleged to reveal ghost, spirits. This can be an image of orbs, streaks of light, mist (luminosity energy) or shapes.|
|Supernatural||(falling from use) Something belonging beyond or outside of nature.|
|Talking Boards||Any board with that has the alphabet and numbers 0-9 imprinted on it and used to communicate with ghosts, spirits and/or angels. Also called Ouija boards, Witch boards, Spirit boards and Angel boards. Their use is controversial as many believe there are more bad stories|
|Telepathy||Thought transference between two physical beings, whether two humans or a human and an animal.|
|Thermal-gun||A device that can read air temperature and surface temperature. Many ghost researchers have been able to obtain photographs of ectoplasmic clouds and floating balls of light as a result of using the thermal scanner to track anomalous “Cold Spots”. These cold spots may be from 25 degrees to 60 degrees colder than the surrounding ambient air temperature.|
|Vortex||Earth energy that rises straight up and can go quiet high. This is not necessarily a portal for the dead or other entities to use to move between planes, but it can draw there attention. A vortex cannot be closed or shut down, it might – might be dampened little – maybe – if someone is really, really good.|
© Minnesota Paranormal Investigators (MNPI) 1991-2016